Following Conceptualisation of the project, the next task is to find ways to meet the costs of the project and commence planning.

Getting the money for any innovative initiative can frequently be complex and difficult. This is especially so when the initiative is being developed and implemented within a commercial public transport bus operating environment.

Overall, there are two aspects of developing a fuel cell bus project which has considerable influence on the ease and success of the future project path.


Setting up a fuel cell bus project today still requires the strong support of many stakeholders to provide personnel capacity and relevant expertise, money etc. Acquiring this support can also bring the risk of ‘overselling’ the technology and raising very high expectations.

In the initial phase, a credible budget and a dialogue between key partners need to be established

Involve key delivery partners at an early stage (transit agencies, health and safety officials, fire-fighters, local councils, etc.)

There is a wide range of stakeholders who can provide important and powerful support to your fuel cell bus project, or just as powerful opposition.

The project development team needs to develop a good understanding of the market and its key players

- Provide partners with a list of main stakeholders on the supply side and talk to them in advance of any planning:

This sub-stage considers the regular operation of the Buses and the HRS/H2 supply as a combined system. At the time of collecting the information in this section, only a handful of JIVE Projects sites had started Regular Operations.

As the technology is not yet fully commercial, partners will need to access sources of match funding

- The project development team will develop a budget for the project


Local actors may source match-funding for financing their trial from sponsoring bodies at a regional,national or european level:

The operational stage is the most important aspect of a fuel cell bus project. It is the reason for embarking on the project and will provide critical information to determine the future of the application of hydrogen and fuel cell bus technology at that site.

Have you ever wondered how the process of procuring fuel cell buses and hydrogen refuelling stations works? This section includes all you need to know about it.

This project stage is addressed in the following sub-stages: deployment, commisioning and early operations and regular operations.

This section provides information on the challenges and solutions of a range of preparatory activities that need to be undertaken before a site can commence operating FCBs.


This sub-stage refers to the very early months of running the buses and the HRS. Once they are ready to operate, it is likely that teething issues will arise as in any new equipment.

There is a great deal of information provided by the ‘Start to Implement’ section of the Fuel Cell Electric Bus website. The information is not easily summarised for the reader wanting an overview. The authors concluded that the best approach would be to provide a Case Study of what a Fuel Cell Bus implementation project might look like.

This section on FCB Implementation, documents the learning that has occurred from the most recent Fuel Cell Bus (FCB) Projects up to and including the early, regular operations of the FCBs and Hydrogen Refuelling Stations. It is intended primarily for the benefit of new adopters of the technology.

The development of the overall concept of a FCB project sets the scope and, in many ways, the basis for the overall success of the project. Where to start? What are the next steps? This section answers these and other questions.

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