Commercialisation of hydrogen fuel cell buses - white paper

This document sets out a vision for large-scale deployment of hydrogen fuel cell buses on a commercial
basis from the early 2020s and targets a broad audience: policy makers, regulators, investors, technology
providers, bus operators, etc. The aim is to stimulate debate regarding how the vision could be delivered
and to define next steps for the principal actors: policy makers, bus manufacturers, component suppliers,
hydrogen infrastructure providers, and bus operators.

Fuel cell electric buses: a proven zero-emission solution

The Clean Hydrogen in European Cities project (CHIC) was a flagship zero emission bus project that deployed a fleet of fuel cell electric buses and hydrogen refuelling stations in cities across Europe and at one site in Canada. The project started in 2010 and ended in December 2016. The project successfully demonstrated that fuel cell buses can offer a functional solution for cities to decarbonise their public transport fleets, improve their air quality and lower their noise levels.

Recommendations for Hydrogen Infrastructure in Subsequent Projects

Within the CHIC-project a document was set up on 'Recommendations for  Hydrogen Infrastructure in Subsequent Projects'.
The objective of this document is to offer guidance to participants in future fuel cell bus demonstration projects regarding hydrogen refuelling infrastructure. It is a concise document that focusses on key messages in order to establish an initial orientation to fundamental topics and issues. 

Strategies for joint procurement of Fuel Cell Electric Buses

This report summarises the efforts in setting up a joint procurement strategy for the purchase of fuel cell electric buses in clusters in Europe (Benelux, France, Germany, Northern Europe and UK).

Building on the findings of the 2015 FCH JU commercialisation study and working with the clusters, the report also outlines the efforts undertaken to build up the demand.

Urban buses: alternative powertrains for Europe

Study published in november 2012

A coalition of 40 industrial companies and government organizations, financially supported by the FCH JU, elaborated a technology neutral and fact-based comparative study on eight different powertrain technologies for urban buses in Europe from 2012 to 2030.

According to the results of the study, only fully electric powertrain buses (based on hydrogen, batteries or trolley system) have the potential to achieve zero local emissions by drastically reducing well-to-wheel emissions.