The Clean Hydrogen in European Cities (CHIC) Project was the crucial next step for the full commercialisation of hydrogen powered fuel cell buses. The project commenced in 2010 with an initial 25, subsequently 23 partners from Cities, Regions, Industry and Research Organisations.
The NewBusFuel (finnced by the FCH-JU) aimed to fill a major gap in the existing knowledge base around the refuelling of hydrogen at a bus depot scale.
The Clean Hydrogen in European Cities project (CHIC) was a flagship zero emission bus project that deployed a fleet of fuel cell electric buses and hydrogen refuelling stations in cities across Europe and at one site in Canada. The project started in 2010 and ended in December 2016. The project successfully demonstrated that fuel cell buses can offer a functional solution for cities to decarbonise their public transport fleets, improve their air quality and lower their noise levels.
Ballard has published a position paper about he future of fuel cell buses with case study analysis for the UK.
Download the paper here : FCEB's: an attractive value proposition for zero-emission buses in the United Kingdom (published november 2016)
Within the CHIC-project a document was set up on 'Recommendations for Hydrogen Infrastructure in Subsequent Projects'.
The objective of this document is to offer guidance to participants in future fuel cell bus demonstration projects regarding hydrogen refuelling infrastructure. It is a concise document that focusses on key messages in order to establish an initial orientation to fundamental topics and issues.
This report summarises the efforts in setting up a joint procurement strategy for the purchase of fuel cell electric buses in clusters in Europe (Benelux, France, Germany, Northern Europe and UK).
Building on the findings of the 2015 FCH JU commercialisation study and working with the clusters, the report also outlines the efforts undertaken to build up the demand.
Study published in november 2012
A coalition of 40 industrial companies and government organizations, financially supported by the FCH JU, elaborated a technology neutral and fact-based comparative study on eight different powertrain technologies for urban buses in Europe from 2012 to 2030.
According to the results of the study, only fully electric powertrain buses (based on hydrogen, batteries or trolley system) have the potential to achieve zero local emissions by drastically reducing well-to-wheel emissions.
Study published in june 2015
This report provides an outlook for jointly achieving a commercialisation pathway.
Building on the findings of the 2012 FCH JU technology study on alternative powertrains for urban buses, this report provides an assessment of the commercialisation pathway from an operational perspective.